Nicaragua’s Immigration Service – the Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería (DGME) – told La Prensa that in 2014 a total of 467.410 Nicaraguans entered Costa Rica, while 461.127 left, the majority through the Peñas Blancas border.
In 2013, the number of Nicaraguans entering Costa Rica was 480.123 and a total of 482.416 left. The numbers include the some 20.000 Nicaraguans to and from Panama, passing through Costa Rica.
Consulted by La Prensa, sociologist at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Costa Rica, Carlos Sandoval, explained that “internal changes in Nicaragua” means fewer people leave the country and the economic situation of Costa Rica does not help them come because there isn’t much work for them.
According to the expert, among the internal changes in Nicaragua is the declining birth rate.
Despite the slight drop in 2014, the number of Nicaraguans entering in Costa Rica in the last decade has quadrupled, the highest peaks registered between 2004 and 2008.
The data also reveals that the majority of Nicaraguans now entering Costa Rica do so with documents in order.