Daughter of the Nicaragua Revolution – Archive, 1984

March 20, 1984: Magda Enriquez joined the Sandinistas secretly in 1976, now she is a member of Nicaragua’s Council of State

March 20, 1984: Magda Enriquez joined the Sandinistas secretly in 1976, now she is a member of Nicaragua’s Council of State

“Choose between me and the Revolution,” said Magda Enriquez’s husband when he discovered his wife had been working secretly for the Sandinistas in Somoza’s Nicaragua. “Of course, the choice had already been made,” says Magda Enriquez matter of factly.

Magda Enriquez. Photograph: Garry Weaser for the Guardian

Six years later she is a member of Nicaragua’s Council of State where she represents the Nicaraguan Women’s Association AMNLAE, is happily divorced, and deeply proud of the new life patterns evolving in the country and epitomized by her own six children.

- payin the bills -

At first glance Magda Enriquez might be mistaken for the typical product of the Latin American bourgeoisie sharpened by seven years at a conservative American university. With her purple fingernails, gold chains and dashing scarlet shirt she looks every inch the confident, successful executive. But in fact she is a trained soldier, peasant organiser, articulate exponent of the Sandinistas’s revolution and loving mother of her own five children, who has also swept up and adopted an extra child.

Magda Enriquez graduated from boarding school at 15, already determined “to break away from the role – to be a good woman equals be a good wife.” Her father was a successful businessman in an American Nicaraguan joint enterprise. He chose Philadelphia and a house full of relations as the framework to contain the clever daughter bent on university. Magda studied journalism and economics and married an American professor.

In 1970, back in Nicaragua with her husband and child, she founded the first school for mentally retarded children having done academic work on “education for children with special needs” in America. But discovering that most of the children she saw were mentally retarded “because of malnutrition” was a shock which plunged her into Managua’s slum areas. “I am a Roman Catholic, I believe in liberation theology. I literally could not face myself in the mirror every morning if I didn’t know that I was contributing to the fight against injustice.” (Liberation theory is the Christian teaching that the poor themselves can change their own social conditions. The name was coined in 1968 at a Latin American bishops’ conference at Medellin, Colombia.)

With the radical tradition growing among Latin American christians in the 1970s it was a short step for Magda Enriquez into joining the Sandinistas secretly in 1976. She became a founding member of the movement’s women’s association the following year.

- paying the bills -

But it was on May 15, 1978, that a dramatic break with the past became inevitable. “I will remember that day for ever. We were having a land sit-in with peasants and their families just occupying the fields to get the owner to come and talk. The police came, all the men were goaled and the owner sent tractors to run over the women or frighten them to run away… We made a human chain and the drivers could not bring themselves to advance. So the owner sent a plane to drop the poison which kills cottonbugs. We had 150 children in a state of collapse and we had to rush them to hospital. Rush, I should say was rather a relative word in the circumstances of having only two slow trucks.

“Then of course under the Somoza regime only people with money could be treated in hospital so we had to push and agitate before a doctor would see the children once we got there. Ten children died before they could be treated. That day I asked for military training. I saw then that a weapon can be the instrument of life, not of death. Though, as I had been very active in the peace movement in America in the 60s it was a big change, a hard decision.”

An 87-year-old veteran of the first Sandino rebellion stands with an 18-year-old Sandinista guerrilla holding an assault rifle in Leon, Nicaragua, June 19, 1979. Photograph: Richard Cross/AP

Magda Enriquez does not give the impression of wasting much time sentimentalising hard decisions. Her oldest child, a 14-year-old boy, has joined the militia two years under age. “Of course I don’t like him carrying a gun – as a small child he was never even allowed a toy weapon on principle – but, in our situation, of course I am very proud of him.”

“A lot of children lie about their age to get into the militia. Before the revolution many children were active in the resistance to Somoza. They feel very strongly that the Revolution belongs to them and they are determined no one will take it away from them. Six months ago we had a twelve-year-old decorated with a gold medal after he had operated a machine gun after his father was killed by the American-supported contras attacking their village. Another 12-year-old is a national hero with the first children’s park in Managua named after him.

Magda’s work for the Sandinista Government and for the women’s organisation means long weeks away from her children. “But I have no anguish when I am away like now for two months because there is so much solidarity between us all that I know others are taking them to a movie or a circus on the weekends. The girls in my office coached one of my boys through his last maths exams because I was away on a delegation.

- paying the bills --

“My children know they come first with me and any meeting can be cancelled or postponed if they have real need for me. Otherwise they know any work for the Revolution is for them too. They are quite secure. And they have an additional security because ever since I went underground in 1978 the party assigned another woman, an old woman, to be with them and she still is. I have a great sense of security myself from the knowledge of the neighbourhood and party responsibility for all our children.”

But Magda has no illusions that the Revolution has changed people’s minds “from one day to the next.” Women’s problems have not disappeared overnight. “We, the women’s organisation, exist because of the problems, but the Revolution has given us the opportunity to solve them.”

She has been a member of several delegations which have laid the groundwork for the election procedures later this year by visiting the US, Canada and Western Europe. “Democracy is a completely new experience for Nicaraguans. I’ve never voted. We had only one electoral law – written in 1912 by an American marine.” The elections, like the last four years of long ideological debates within the Council of State, are also “the opportunities the Revolution has given us” for Magda Enriquez.

As the spokesperson for hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguan women she is a walking challenge to the American Government myths about her country which have persuaded President Reagan to try and crush the Sandinistas. And her robust example of successful liberation is an excellent rebuttal of those westerners who like to believe that women are inevitably trapped between irreconcilable demands of public and private spheres of life.

Source: The Guardian

Related Articles

Howard Hughes: billionaire in Managua

(TODAY NICARAGUA) When Howard Hughes entered through the main door of...

Citizens’ Observatory: 2,537 Deaths Associated with Covid-19 in Nicaragua

The Citizens’ COVID-19 Observatory raised its independent registry of the pandemic...

MOST READ

Rosario Murillo: La Heredera (The Heiress)

Rosarion Murillo, the "eternally loyal" to her husband and political partner, Daniel Ortega. In a profile by Confidencial in October 2016, before her election as...

Better Air Connectivity Between Nicaragua and the US

The private companies' association is in talks with United Airlines to promote the opening of a route that connects Nicaragua with the east coast...

Nicaragua Unveils Central America’s Largest Baseball Stadium

Nicaragua has unveiled its long-awaited baseball stadium in Managua, replacing the former baseball field built in 1948. The new structure will hold up to...

Bianca Jagger Gets Into The Nicaragua Act Again

(American Thinker)  Remember Bianca Jagger? You know, the disco queen and former rock-star's wife turned leftwing "human rights activist" who was last seen mourning...

What Are Some of Nicaragua’s Popular Food?

TODAY NICARAGUA - Nicaragua is an interesting place, with a tumultuous history and a relatively peaceful present. and even if many things can be...

Nicaragua Praised by the IMF

The IMF noted the positive evolution of all the country's economic indicators, and the drastic fall in poverty, with an increase of 33% in...

Poll Shows Declining Expectations on a Nicaraguan Canal

According to the results of the most recent survey conducted by Cid Gallup, the Nicaraguan interoceanic canal project, a concession given to the Chinese...

Let's Keep This Going!

To be updated with all the latest news and information about Nicaragua and Latin America.

Log In

Forgot password?

Forgot password?

Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Your password reset link appears to be invalid or expired.

Log in

Privacy Policy

Add to Collection

No Collections

Here you'll find all collections you've created before.